Determine number of plants per square foot.

Determine number of plants per square foot.

Site Preparation

Be sure to select the right plants for the soil and sun conditions

After selecting the appropriate plant type for the area, it is important that the installer prepares the site adequately to ensure a high survival rate, rapid fill-in, and a rich, healthy appearance once the plants are mature.

All grass and weeds should be removed prior to planting. This process limits competition which can result in high plant loss. If the area is covered with vegetation two applications of a broad range herbicide is recommended for eradication. An additional measure to guarantee a weed-free bed is sterilization of the soil with a fumigant. If a sterilant is to be used, extreme care should be taken.

Amending the soil is not always necessary. In a very heavy clay soil, one option might be to till in a sandy loam topsoil and/or sand to help increase aeration. For a lighter soil that is lacking in organic material, peat moss can be incorporated.

A low nitrogen or balanced fertilizer can be incorporated into the root zone, to help promote rooting. Slow-release fertilizers can also be used, but at reduced rates when incorporated into the soil.

Plant Spacing

Generally plants are spaced 6-12" apart. The distance between the plants is based on the size of the plants used, the expected growth rate, and the budget that the installer has to work with. Applying a mulch is essential for deterring weeds, retaining moisture, and preventing heaving of the plants during the first Winter. A layer 2-3" thick is generally recommended the first year. Additional application can be made as the mulch decomposes.
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